Nov 10 – 11, 2021
Hotel Mercure Budapest Castle Hill
Europe/Budapest timezone

AlphaFold2 transmembrane protein structure prediction shines

Nov 10, 2021, 5:20 PM
40m
Hotel Mercure Budapest Castle Hill

Hotel Mercure Budapest Castle Hill

1013 Budapest, Krisztina Körút 41-43
Lecture

Speaker

Tamas Hegedus (Semmelweis University)

Description

Transmembrane (TM) proteins are major drug targets, indicated by the high percentage of prescription drugs acting on them. For a rational drug design and an understanding of mutational effects on protein function, structural data at atomic resolution are required. However, hydrophobic TM proteins often resist experimental structure determination and in spite of the increasing number of cryo-EM structures, the available TM folds are still limited in the Protein Data Bank. Recently, the DeepMind’s AlphaFold2 machine learning method greatly expanded the structural coverage of sequences, with high accuracy. Since the employed algorithm did not take specific properties of TM proteins into account, the validity of the generated TM structures should be assessed. Therefore, we investigated the quality of structures at genome scales, at the level of ABC protein superfamily folds, and also in specific individual cases. We tested template-free structure prediction also with a new TM fold, dimer modeling, and stability in molecular dynamics simulations. Our results strongly suggest that AlphaFold2 performs astoundingly well in the case of TM proteins and that its neural network is not overfitted. We conclude that a careful application of its structural models will advance TM protein associated studies at an unexpected level.

URL: http://alphafold.hegelab.org
Acknowledgements: Cystic Fibrosis Foundation: HEGEDU20I0 and NRDIO: K127961(TH); CCF LUKACS20G0, CIHR, CFI and Canada Research Chair Program (GLL) Swiss National Funds 310030_197563 (MG). Thanks to https://hpc.kifu.hu, https://www.mpibpc.mpg.de/grubmueller, http://gpu.wigner.mta.hu.

Primary authors

Tamas Hegedus (Semmelweis University) Dr Markus Geisler (University of Fribourg) Prof. Gergely Lukacs (McGill University) Ms Bianka Farkas (Semmelweis University, PPKE ITK)

Presentation materials